Grade 10 Grammar Lesson 30 Relative clauses: Defining

What are relative clauses?
What are defining relative clauses?
Is it possible to omit the relative pronouns?
When do we use ‘who’, ‘which’ or ‘that’?

Grade 10 Grammar Lesson 30 Relative clauses Defining (1)

  •  A relative clause gives us more information about a noun in a main clause.
  •  Now, if we want to specify which couple or what kind of couple we mean, we need to use a clause to define couple. Such a clause is called a defining relative clause introduced by a realative pronoun such as who, which, that, etc.
  •  When we use a defining relative clause, the relative pronoun may be the subject or the object of the main clause.
  •  We can opt for a zero relative pronoun when defining an object.
  •  We can also use whom instead of who as object.
  • We use who with people and which with animals, places and things. We can use that with either.
  •  We normally use that, not who/which, as subject after words such as something, anything, all, little, much, none, and superlatives.

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